Expression of Ethos and Ideology....

organization's central theme "the society of indigenocracy"

SAMVAD ANNUAL REPORT 2016-17

 

About us

SAMVAD was established in March 2001, by a group of social and cultural activists, intellectuals who were concerned about the declining Indigenous identity due to various internal and external factors. The Jharkhand state had been carved out from Bihar state recently on 15 November 2000 and the people of Jharkhand region, specially the Indigenous communities were very much hopeful that their centuries old traditions and practices would get recognition and they would also have opportunity to participate and contribute in the governance. But their aspirations were shattered as the deprivation, exploitation and displacement remained as threat to their identity and existence.  It was the time to mobilize the Indigenous communities, Dalits, Women and Minorities and spread awareness among them about their legal and constitutional rights to combat the situation.  Our inspiring and motivating ideals have been the martyres of Jharkhand like Tilka Majhi, Sido-Kanhu and their brave hearted sisters, Birsa Munda and the national ideologues like Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedker, Dr. Lohiya and Lok Nayak Jaya Prakash Narayan, who always advocated and fought for establishment of the democracy, where every citizen would have equal opportunity to live and grow.

Since then, SAMVAD has evolved and served in various development initiatives and in conscientization of the communities.

SAMVAD believes that development is a sustainable process. It addresses not just the direct manifestation of the problems but also their structural causes, which are quite distinct and unique from other Voluntary Organizations.

Vision

SAMVAD envisions a society where relations between human beings and nature is balanced for preservation of the indigenous social values and creation of sustainable livelihood for people towards establishment of a society on a communitarian lifestyle, labour-oriented and egalitarianism which accepts the diversity and differences among human beings. This is the society of Indigenocracy.

Mission

SAMVAD strives for self-reliant and self-respectful society based on equality, gender-equity, labour-oriented universe, and self-governance by strengthening the communitarian lifestyle of the indigenous and downtrodden people. Efforts are on to empower Gram Sabhas and traditional governance systems in the villages of Adivasis, Dalits, Minorities, and the poor as a whole. It ensures equal representation and participation of women and men in community level decision making and development processes.

Legal Status

 

Objective 

 

Strategy

Our Reach

SAMVAD is working in 14 district of Jharkhand. Apart from this we are part of Eastern India Dialogue Forum "Swashashan Abhiyan India" which is a network to promote and strengthen governance and indigenocracy.

Samvad is associated with several organizations and networks such as CRA (Child Rights Alliance), FRA Watch (Forest Rights Act Watch) Jharkhand, Jharkhand Adivasi Manch, Mahila Garima Abhiyan, Jharkhand Vnadhikarn Manch,NCDHR (National Council for Dalit Human Rights), NAC-DIP (National Advocacy Council for Development of Indigenous People) ,INSAF (Indian National Social Action Forum), CANSA (Climate Action Network in South Asia), NAA-National Adivasi Alliance.

Areas in Jharkhand

Sl.No.

District

Block

1

Deoghar

Madhupur, Margomunda, Devipur and Deoghar

2

Dumka

Dumka Sadar, Jama, Jarmundi,Shikaripada

3

Pakur

Maheshpur

4

Sahebganj

Borio

5

Giridih

Giridih Sadar, Gandey

6

Dhanbad

Topchachi

7

Bokaro

Gomia

8

Kodarma

Domchanch

9

Hazaribagh

Katkamdag

10

East Singhbhum

Musabani,Potka

11

West Singhbhum

Chaibasa Sadar, Tantnagar

12

Gumla

Sisai

13

Ramgarh

Chiterpur

14

Ranchi

Bero

Empowering Gram Sabha

Activities implemented

During this period various activities were taken up towards empowering of Gram Sabhas. Since we have selected 100 villages for making those Model villages by the end of the project following activities took place:-

74 one day motivation camps, 3 conceptual orientation trainings of 3 days, 14 Resource Mapping Camp through FGD, 2 Workshop on the Right & Duties of Gram Sabha Members and Planning & Budgeting

Household and Community level Issues based Micro Planning

During the meeting the members of Gram Sabhas were made aware about how to identify problems, classifying problems and how to prepare micro plans. Micro plans of 6 Gram Sabhas were prepared and later they were submitted in the Panchayat. Out of the submitted plans 4 Gram Sabha's plans of Dobha digging have been approved and the work is in progress. In the meeting problems of Indira Awas, Widow Pension, Old Age Pension, Village Road Construction and the Non-pest farming being done in the area were discussed. This programme was carried out in 15 villages.

Gram Sabha Federation

A state level federation of Gram Sabhas of our project area has been formed for campaign and advocacy on the issues related to PESA , PRI and traditional governance. Below the state level federation three regional federations have also been formed in Santhal Pargana (Dumka), Kolhan (Chaibasa) and North Chotanagpur (Hazaribagh) region. The region wise federations are members of the state level federation. At the state level federation, the regional federations are represented through their representative in the state level executive committee.

Regional Gram Sabha Federation Meetings

3 half-yearly Regional Gram Sabha Federation meetings were held .  The meeting of Kolhan Region was held on March 7, 2017 at Potka, West Singhbhum, the Santhal Pargana Region on March 10, 2017 at Madhupur and North Chotanagpur Region on March 27, 2017 at Hazaribagh.

In the regional meetings of the Rgional Federation, the participants discussed about the need of implementing PESA in its true spirit and words in the Scheduled Areas. They also discussed how to strengthen the regional federation through making more Gram Sabhas members in the federation.

State Level Gram Sabha Federation Meeting

One day half-yearly state level Gram Sabha Federation meeting of State Committee was organized on March 28, 2017 at Ranchi. In the meeting committee members of all the three regions were present. During the previous state level federation meeting the Rules & Regulation of the federation had been presented, in which some improvements were proposed. The improvements were unanimously accepted. Apart from the above decision the regional representatives selected a state level ad-hoc committee. The ad-hoc committee consists of one Convener,  one Assistant Convener, one Treasurer and one Spokes Person. Besides the office bearers, members from each region were also selected. In the meeting the members discussed about various subjects including Rights and Duties of Gram Sabha, Imparting training by regional federations to the elected Ward Members of the region.

State Level Gram Sabha Federation Convention

One State Level Gram Sabha Federation Convention was organized at HRDC, Ranchi on 19 August 2016. In the convention members of all the three regional federations were present. Earlier, meetings of all the regional federations had taken place. In the meeting the matter of Vth Schedule area and the 73rd amendment of the constitution were discussed. However, through this amendment it was not possible to implement Panchayati Raj Institution in the Scheduled Area. Therefore, Bhuria Committee was formed and the Committee was assigned to find out that how could provisions of PRI be extended to the Scheduled Area. On the recommendations of the Committee PESA act was formulated and passed from the Parliament in 1996. The PESA act has recognized the traditional system of governance and the act is implemented in all the Adivasi areas. As a matter of fact Gram Sabha is a tool for change. Hence, more the Gram Sabha is strengthened, the village will also be self governed and will march towards self reliance.

On the above subject the selected representatives of the three regions spoke about the status of PESA implementation in their respective regions.

After lunch, during second session of the meeting the Rules and Regulation of the Gram Sabha Federation was presented for open discussion and suggestions. Some corrections were also noted but due to lack of time the discussion could not be completed and it was decided to present it with corrected portions at the next meeting. Total Participants were 110 (M-70, F-40).                                            

Achievement

1.      Out of 100 Model villages 24 villages   exercised their village Fund for betterment of the community.

2.      Out of 100 Model villages 43 villages have their own Akhara (Cultural Centre) for having their cultural activities and social events and Gram Sabhas meetings.

3.      Women participation in Model Gram Sabhas has increased up to 6%. It was 42% previously and now it is 48%. The various issues raised in GS meetings were mostly concerned to women and village development.

4.      Proposed and opposed by women in Gram Sabha meetings have increased up to 4.05%. It was 27% previously and now it is 31.54%. This is a significant change in decision making process within Gram Sabhas in six months.

5.      Elected women representatives of PRI participating actively in decision making processes. Women centered development such as Construction of Anganbari Centers, Traditional Small Ponds, Hen Shades, Goat Shades and Women Based different Skill Development Trainings increased in our target villages.

6.      Out of 350 Gram Sabhas (GS), 307 have achieved as follows:-

A.    Regular meeting with proper documentation are going on.

B.     Women's active participation has changed the Gender scenario of respective villages.

C.    Micro planning done in 235 villages. Process of Micro Planning within the GSs which has increased their self-confidence among the villagers and women active participations has increased in village development.

7.      Intervention made in 350 GS. Out of them 307 are towards moving up.

Sustainable Livelihoods

Kisan Mela

In this project period two Kisan Mela were organised. One in Media, Musabani Block (E.Singhbhum) on 11-12 Feb, 2017 and another in Lalpur , Madhupur Block (Deoghar) on 14-15 Feb 2017. In above both Kisan Mela (Farmers Fair) farmers exhibited their Non-pest Products (grains, vegetables, and fruits) and also exhibited their miniatures of agriculture tools.

 

Kisan Clubs and Cooperative

Motivations Meeting with Kisan Clubs are going on. The formation of 3 cooperative societies initiated in these meetings. Women participation is much more than men.  In this process women are involved in traditional puffed rice making and marketing. The cooperatives planned are, one for Puffed Rice making and marketing at Pathaljor and another two in Lalpur and Jarmundi related to agriculture and agriculture produce.

Training and demonstration on Vermi Compost

This training cum demonstration program was organized at Sadar Chaibasa during 19 and 20 June 2016. The training was attended by 40 community persons. The participants were told about the importance of organic farming and how to make vermin compost, Jiwamrit Khad, Ghanamrit Khad and Jhatpat Khad in detail. Apart from this participants were also told about the method of making organic pesticide with the aid of Tobacco leaf, Cow urine, Garlic and Pota leaf. The participants also did practical on the subjects they were told theoretically.

Awareness & Training on Low cost vermin compost for easy replication

Awareness & Training on Low cost vermin compost: A training programme on low cost vermin compost making was organised on July 25, 2016 at the Barkundiya Middle School under Sadar Chaibasa block of W. Singhbhum district. 50 male and female participants from different villages participated in the training programme.

Telling the participants about the traditional way of farming, the resource person said that people in Kolhan used to sow the seeds of 'Goda Dhan', which grew in good height. It used to be so high that one could hide behind it. Its stems were useful for cattle feeding and roof thatching. Later, 'Satthi Dhan' was introduced and with it came the 'Potash' (chemical fertilizer), which polluted the soil and many traditional varieties became extinct. This resulted in dependency of farmers on 'market'. Despite the fact that 'market' is trying to have upper hand, many farmers have been able to preserve the traditional seeds in Kolhan. In this situation the farmers should be vigilant and alert.

In Kolhan traditional Corn is grown, adding cow dung manure in the fields. Size of the Corn is though small, but it has an acceptable taste and nutritional qualities. Farmers may have 20 mounds of crop by using chemical fertilizer, in place of 10 mounds using the traditional manure. But the high yield would affect our health adversely and we will be dependent on 'market' for seed every year. The use of Chemical fertilizer is affecting the fertility of our soil, drying up our water resources. In this situation, farmers have only option of Vermin compost, which would preserve the environment and our health as well. Therefore, we should continue farming traditionally as our forefathers did. After this session, the participants were told and shown the method of Vermin Compost making.

Demonstration on Traditional Crops with Nutritional Values to Farmers

A Demonstration on Traditional Crops with Nutritional Values to Farmers was organized on 25 Feb 2017 at Barkundiya in Tuibir Panchayat Chaibasa (West Singhbhum). 30 participants (M-19, F-11) from Pampra, Dokasai, Barkundiya, Tergo, Dobarosai and Solpara participated in this demonstration. After the inauguration, discussion on traditional and Modern Agriculture was done. In this discussion the Munda (Villages Head Man) of Barkundiya Mr. Shridhan Singh Budiuli said that our lifestyle is changing day by day due to modernization. Modernization also affects on agriculture. Farmers are using Hybrid seed in place of traditional seeds for getting more yields. Hybrid seeds demand more water, whereas traditional seeds require less water.

Workshop on Capacitation of service providers (ASHA, AWW, ANM) and potential women leader on food and
nutrition security issues

A workshop on Capacitation of Service Providers (ASHA, AWW, ANM) and Potential Women leader on Food & Nutrition Security Issues was organized on August 28, 2016 at Tuibir Panchayat Bhavan, under Sadar Chaibasa block. There were 40 participants from different villages.

The participants were told in detail about the situation of food and nutrition in the villages and about the government initiatives to provide nutritious food to the pregnant women, lactating women, and children below the age of 6 years.

The participants were made aware with the various government schemes being implemented through ICDS centers. To make these schemes a reality, responsibilities were fixed. 

Training on making home kitchen garden

A kitchen garden training was organized on July 23- at Tuibir Panchayat building participated by 35 participants of different villages.

The participants of 15 villages were told that even a small kitchen garden can provide many benefits. The participants were told how to plant different types of fruit trees and vegetables, so that they can grow together. They were also made aware with the various local medicinal plants and tree which are used as nutritious food.

Another Kitchen garden training was organized on 7 Feb 2017 at Tuibir Panchayat building participated by 34 (M-7, F-27) participants of Gunabasa, Barkundiya, Pumpra, Solpara, Tergo, Tuibir, Bituibir, Kuidbusu villages.

The participants came to know about the benefits of kitchen Gardening. How to grow Kitchen garden as Nutrition Garden? How families can get fresh and chemical free vegetable and fruits? The waste water could be utilized in Kitchen gardening. The cost of Vegetable could be saved through kitchen gardening. The saved money could be utilized for education, health and others.

Achievement

·        Out of 2500 HHs, 550 HHs adopted non pest climate resilient agriculture practices from 300 villages. 550 HHs are using traditional seeds and method for practicing non-pest agriculture and vegetable farming in our project area. These are the villages selected for becoming Model Village by Samvad.

·         3 cooperatives initiated. One for Puffed Rice Making and another two are for agricultural produce. More than 50% women are involved in this process.

·         The farmers are moving towards non-pest agriculture. It is a significant beginning of climate resilient agriculture. It is generating rays of hope.

·         Established a traditional seed centre and developing  a Demonstration Centre in Lalpur village of Madhupur block in Deoghar District for the promotion of sustainable climate resilient agriculture.  

·         Gram Sabhas are promoting traditional seeds and agriculture practices to become self reliant. In this process traditional seeds centre and Demonstration Centre are contributing significantly to the development goal.

·         Achievements under Off Farm initiatives till this reporting period:

§  2666 individuals involved in Off Farm Livelihood. Following is the current status: -

§  Goatary-1611, Piggery-282, Poultry-465, Vermi Compost- 25, Leaf Plate-43,

§  Puffed Rice-10, PDS- 112, Tailoring- 20, Other (Vendors & Hawkers) 98

·         Out of 713 targeted HHs 464 HHs involved in On Farm Livelihood. 

      Following is the current status: -

HHs engaged in

Cultivated Land

Production cost

Production

Value

Profit

188 HHs

60 Acres

Rs. 545616

757.8 quintal

Rs. 1515600

Rs.1000296  

276 HHs

31.13 Acres

Rs. 224136

622.6 quintal

Rs.  747120

Rs. 522984

Establishment of Seed Center

A Seed Center at Lalpur village in Madhupur was inaugurated on September 15, 2016 by the chief guest of the occasion Padmshri Simon Oraon, who himself is an active farmer and champions in the traditional methods of water harvesting. The stock of various traditional seeds have been collected by the villagers themselves and kept here. Presenting the Keynote address on the occasion Mr. Ghanshyam said that establishment of a seed center in Lalpur is not only beneficial for the farmers here but it will cater the need of other farmers of the vicinity. Stocking of traditional seeds will encourage non pest agriculture and discourage sowing of hybrid seeds and use of chemical fertilizer. He appealed to the farmers and villagers to collect and store the traditional seeds in the seed center for their own personal use.

The chief guest Padmshri Simon Oraon said that God is pleased with those, who fill the stomach of all living being. This noble job is done by the farmer. There are about two hundred sixteen countries in the world but there is not a single factory which produces grain we eat. Production of grain is done by farmers only with the help of water and land. Protection of land and water means, protection of farmer. Farmer saved means world is saved. And farmer will be saved only when traditional seeds are saved. Hybrid seeds strengthen the market and weaken the farmers. It also mutilates the nature. In the circumstances, the farmers of Lalpur have done good job of saving nature and human beings.

Water Harvesting

Adivasi Workshop on Indigenous view on Livelihood and Future perspective

Adivasi Workshop on Indigenous views on Livelihood and Future perspective was organized on 26-29 Nov 2016 at Ranchi in association with BftW, Germany. This was the second workshop or follow-up workshop organized in Ranchi with Samvad. The first one was organized at Raigada, Odisha in association with Living Farms. The workshop was attended by 38 (F-15, M-23) participants from the partner organizations of BftW, who work with indigenous communities in different part of India and Bangladesh.  Workshop was led by Ms Gerlind Schnider and Ms. Steffi Mueller of BftW who unfolded how to initiate a Goal Free discussion with beneficiaries (mostly Adivasis) in order to get their views on Livelihood and their Future Perspective. The findings of such discussions are helping us to make more effective intervention among the Adivasi communities.

To get the feel and result of a Goal Free discussion with villagers, the participants went in groups to different project villages of SAMVAD and LEADS and had exchange of dialogue with the villagers. The groups selected in the workshop for Goal Free discussion numbered 35 altogether. However, eleven groups were finalized for having Goal Free discussion with them. They were -Elders and people with disability, Farmers, PRI members, Traditional leaders and Healers, Artisans, Migrant and Landless Laborers, School Teachers and School Management Committee members, Boys and Youth, Mothers, Girls, Women. Participants were told not to ask question but start conversation in a very informal manner and listen to what the villagers have to say. Strategy was to listen more and talk less. Each group of participants consisted of one Facilitator (well conversed with local language), one Reporter and one Observer to guide the conversation on right path.

The findings of such Goal Free discussion with villagers were presented by each group before all the participants and it was amazing for them to hear the voices of the community. The responses were categorized in six categories based on the manner they were responded. The six categories are – Peak, Feeling and Emotions, Ideas and Judgment, Fact and Data, Greetings and Small Talk, Withdrawal.

The workshop was appreciated by all participants for no use of Power Point presentation. Group presentations on Chart paper, and in between method of group discussion for clarifications was also appreciated. On the whole it was a good time for learning more about one’s project requirements and the requirements of the beneficiaries.

Annual Jatra Celebration

The two day Annual Jatra Celebration, organized by Samvad was held in Madhupur on 15-16 September, 2016.  The highlight of this year’s celebration was presence of Padmshri Simon Oraon as chief guest of the celebration.  Mr. Simon Oraon is known as ‘water saint’ or ‘Pani Baba’ in Jharkhand. He has championed in restoring the traditional water harvesting system in his own village Khaksi Toli in Bero Block of Ranchi district. Under his leadership many other farmers of the vicinity have replicated his water harvesting technique and are harvesting good yield. Upon his ceaseless effort for rejuvenation of the traditional water harvesting system, Mr. Simon Oraon has been awarded ‘Padmshri’ in 2016 by Government of India.

There were six cultural groups from Dumka, West Singhbhum and Madhupur who presented their traditional songs and dances enthralling the present gathering.

Addressing the cultural groups and the audience present in the celebration, Padmshri Simon Oraon reminded that Adivasi culture is ancient and old. The God, after creation of this world, handed it over to humans for its development and to live happily. But the present development has posed a threat of extinction not only to human but to all living being of this planet. People should take care of this earth and refrain from the destructive activities. He also reminded that in Adivasi culture Gram Sabha is supreme authority. Strengthened Gram Sabha only can protect its culture from outside influence.

Speaking on the occasion Mr. Ghanshyam said that the ‘Jatra celebration’ has been a source of inspiration and strength for all the people’s movements, including the Freedom Movement of India. The base of this kind of celebration is the Gram Sabha from where these artiste have come. The people who have come here are not equipped with their traditional weapons but have come with the Drums, Flute and other musical instruments. The energy which radiates from dancing and singing helps in protecting the culture and collectivity of the society. In the the dance performed in Jatra, individual is not important but the group. He stressed on the fact that purpose of organizing Jatra is not for singing and dancing but for protection of ‘today’ and ‘tomorrow’.

Mr. Sidheswar Sardar, social activist and social worker of Jamshedpur pointed out towards the short term gain the youth are being attracted. In lieu of beating traditional drum they are allured to play the Cattle Drum, perhaps to have a feeling of going with the ‘mainstream’. Many Jatra celebrations are organized these days inside the closed doors, which is not original in its character. The singing and dancing in the ‘Jatra’ binds everyone together with an invisible magnetic force, and this is what collectivity is.

Coordinator of the BftW programme, Mr. Shishir Tudu said that Adivasi culture is deeply rooted in their belief, customs, and traditional way of cultivation. All these attributes are in peril today. In fact we are compelled to mould ourselves according to the present education system and we start neglecting and disregarding our own culture. It is good to rub shoulder with the ‘mainstream’ but it is more important not to forget one’s own culture and roots. To protect the Adivasi culture, Jatra celebration among Adivasis is indispensable because it is a sort of manifestation of cultural resistance.

In this annual cultural fest MS. Bernadett Tirkey, MS. Salge Mardi and others also put up their point of view.

Child Rights Initiatives

 In association with Child Rights Alliance, Samvad organized a two day programme at ‘Agrasen Bhavan’, Madhupur on September 3, 4, 2016. First day, on September 3, 2016 a painting competition was organized for the students of class IX and X. The subject of painting was ‘Our  School in the view point of Education, Health and Sanitation’.  A total of 112 students (Girls- 14, Boys-98) participated in the programme.

On the second day, on September 4, 2016 a state level seminar on ‘Education, Society, and National Unity’ organized at the Samvad office campus, Madhupur. The seminar was attended by prominent educationists and social activists.

Social Security Schemes

Workshop on Food related Social Security Scheme (State & Central Govt.)

Workshop on Food related Social Security Scheme (State & Central Govt.) was organized for the members of CBOs at Tuibir Panchayat Building, Sadar Chaibasa on 23-24 September 2016. 42 people participated in the workshop from 15 villages of the area.

Training to CBO and youth leaders for community based monitoring on ICDS/ MDM

Training to CBO and Youth Leaders for Community Based Monitoring on ICDS/MDM was organized on August 26, 2016 at the Tuibir Paqnchayat building under Sadar Chaibasa block. 40 participants participated in the training. The resource persons Mr. Singha Purty and Mr. Vishwanath Bara told the participants the justification of mid-day meal scheme. They said that Gram Sabhas have 8 different committees but are they functioning rightly? ICDS centers are established by the government but it is our duty also to take our children there and get benefited.

If someone is member of Vigilances committee, it his/her duty to visit the ICDS center quite often and see that it is functioning properly. Accordingly schools should also be checked. How the mid-day meal is being cooked, how is it being served, whether the menu is proper or not etc?

 

 Access to Government Programmes-MNREGS

 

FRA Watch

Half yearly meeting of Forest Rights Committee (FRC) was organized on 16th June 2016 at SDC Ranchi. Total participants were 22 (F-7, M-15).  Despite early information the representatives from North and South Chotanagpur and Palamu zone could not participate in the meeting. However,the meeting took place and minutes of the last meeting was read out and confirmed. It was unanimously decided that future action plan cannot be discussed due to absence of the representatives from three zones and present status of those zones are unavailable. In this situation it was decided to organize a general assembly of FRA Watch in September 2016 and the representatives be requested to present the status of forest rights in their area, so that, future plan could be made. It was also decided to select new office bearers of FRA Watch. It was also decided that nature of FRA Watch will be autonomous and voluntary.

 Achievement

390 HHs applied for forest land patta (deed) in this reporting period. Out of them 104 obtained.  But the total 836 have applied for land deed under FRA, out of which 323 (women headed family 32) obtained 47.83 Acres of the land deed.

Status of the two villages (Chechali and Tumbo) of Deoghar District applied for Community Forest Rights are same.

National Consultation on 'Two Decades of PESA & Ground Reality'

National consultation on ‘Two decades of PESA and ground realities’ was organized in Delhi during December12-13, 2016 attended by about 70 representatives from different grass root organizations, mostly from the Scheduled states. During this two day consultation it was unanimously resolved to get the PESA implemented effectively in all the Scheduled states, where sizable population of Adivasis is available. Among other activities, it was decided to make a national level platform of the network organizations of SAI, including the traditional heads of the various Adivasi communities for advocacy purpose to get the PESA implemented in its true spirit.

Summarized other action plans proposed by different speakers are appended below:-  

Empowering Women

Annual State Level Women’s Convention

One day Annual State Level Women’s Convention was organized on 5th April 2016 at Vikas Bharti in Jamshedpur, attended by 96 (F-86, M-10) participants from the project area of Samvad. The theme of the convention was ‘Social Harmony and Women’.  Presenting the Key Note address, MS. Seema reminded the participants that India is a secular country. The key element of Indian culture has been Social-Collective Harmony.  In the society there are people with diverse culture, belief, dress, and life style. There should be good thinking among them, which is symbol of Social Harmony. We should respect and admire each other and maintain Social Harmony. In our country there is unity in diversity that is why despite hundreds of attacks by outsiders, culture of India is intact.

Remarking on the exemplary tradition of ‘Sahiya’ in Jharkhand, she said that the bond established between two persons from two different cultures through this ceremony lasts lifelong. They share each other’s sorrows and joy in day to day life. However, since quite sometimes now, this most coveted tradition of Social Harmony in Jharkhand is being targeted to split the social fabric of the society.  We should be alert and prepared to defeat these anti Social Harmony forces.

Women leadership training on PESA

One women leadership training on PESA was organized jointly by ‘Samvad’ and ‘Swashasan Abhiyan’ on 3rd and 4th July 2016 at the Rural Resource Center, Sundargarh, Odisha. Total Participants were 37 (M-3   F-34).

During this two day training programme the participants were disseminated various informations on PESA (Panchayati Raj Extension to Scheduled Area and PRI (Panchayati Raj Institutions).  On the first day participants were told about the three tier Panchayati Raj system including the committee working at Panchayat level and the other one which functions at district level, women participation in Gram Panchayat, Role of Panchayat and its Major Responsibilities and the Fund Flow in the Three Tier Panchayat system.

On the second day, participants shared their views about Model Village through presentations. After the presentation, participants were told about Palli Sabha or Gram Sabha, Special Gram Sabha and its processes, and its Power and Functions. The participants went through an exercise of preparing budget for village development.

One Billion Rising Pledge Programme

Internationally acclaimed campaign of women against violence on them, the ‘One Billion Rising’ programme  was organized at the Samvad office campus in Madhupur on February 21, 2017. Presenting the Key Note address on the occasion Mr. Ghanshyam said that the campaign has been launched in India only three years ago. He informed that the programme organized at Madhupur was one among the many programmes organized in the country. He clarified that the campaign was not against men but against a dogma prevailing in the society and thus men should support the campaign.

He further added that there is need to do many things for the betterment of women. It should be ascertained that women get jobs near their homes, so that threat of trafficking and violence against them could be avoided. Women also should get equal wages like the men workers. He reminded that usually the household chore attended by women is not taken into account. But unless women cooperate in expediting household chore, men would not be able to attend their duties effectively. The programme was attended by more than hundred women and men, who also shared their views on the occasion.

Empowering Youth

Under this project a youth training programme was organized in four phases inviting young people between the age group of 18 to 35 years from among the likeminded organizations and CBOs of Jharkhand and Bihar state. The training programme was entitled ‘Parivartanshala’ in Hindi, which means ‘School for transformation’.

In short the purpose of organizing the Parivartanshala is as under:

The participants of first phase of ‘Pariwartanshala’ held from December 18 to December 22, 2015 at Madhupur were disseminated information pertaining to understanding the village or the power structure of a village, which include caste, class, and race. Participants also knew about religion, religious groups, and communalism. To equip the participants with gender sensitivity subject of Patriarchy, Gender Discrimination was also discussed.

The second phase of the programme was held at Madhupur from June 20 to June 24, 2016. The subjects like Political Structure State, State Power and Ideology were discussed. Social and Economical structure of the state were also discussed.

During third phase of the ‘Pariwartanshala’ held at Madhupur from September 19 to September 22, 2016 these subjects were discussed - Understanding Capital, Capitalism, Imperialism, and Socialism. Participants were also told about the international organizations such as UN, ILO, World Bank, IMF, WTO etc. Among the participants awareness building on Globalization, Privatization and Liberalization was done. Along with this, the subjects of Initialization of Equity, Equality and Universe As One Family were discussed.

In the fourth phase of ‘Pariwartanshala’, held in Mdhupur from December 17 to December 22, 2016  knowledge about different movements such as Freedom Movement, Movements based on Ideology, Issue based movements and the Environmental movement were provided to the participants. Insight about development, Climate crisis, Concept, and implementation of alternative development, Process of formation of organization for alternative development were also discussed.

 

Eastern India Dialogue Forum

Sundargah Meeting

A meeting of Swashasan Abhiyan was held on July 4 and 5, 2016 at the premises of PRC-SEWAK, Sundargah. In the meeting the members shared the socio-political situation of their respective states during the period from February to June 2016.

The representative from Bihar exclaimed about the liquor ban in Bihar, a very positive step taken by the Chief Minister. He also told the members about the acute water crisis in Gaya area during summer months. The reason he mentioned was encroachment of river by people which hindered the river path and made the rivulets of Falgu River dry up. Political scenario showed some better effect as many persons from backward and most backward communities in Bihar won the Legislative Assembly elections.

The representative from Odisha said that thousands of fake Food Security cards have been detected in Odisha. Interestingly, the Mayor of Cuttack had to quit her post as one fake Food Security card was issued in her name. He further told the members that despite demand of ban on liquor by civil society groups in Odisha, Government doesn’t seem to be willing to impose ban on liquor. Comparing the situation of Gram Nyayalay (Village Court) with Jharkhand and Bihar he said that process of establishment of Gram Nyayalay in Odisha is quite slow.

Panchayat election in Odisha is scheduled in 2019 and the state government has announced reconstitution of five hundred Panchayats. Telling about the effect of climate change he said that temperature in many places remained 44-46 degree Celsius during the summer in Odisha.  

The socio-political situation in Jharkhand was reported not much different than Bihar and Odisha. Here people, mostly Adivasi communities are facing threat of displacement due to announcement of establishment of mega projects in the state. Government is preparing Land Bank, in which the grazing land, land marked for public functions, and even cremation ground within the territory of Gram Sabha have been included, without asking consent of the Gram Sabha. People are opposing this step of the government. Like Odisha and Bihar the summer in Jharkhand was also very hot and water crisis was experienced in many parts of the state.

The modality of forthcoming Delhi Consultation was discussed extensively, including preparing a tentative list of invitees, booking of the venue and the budget.

On the second day the members went for a field visit to the organic vegetable farming practiced by the villagers and initiated by a local NGO Pragati in Lephripara block of Sundargarh district.

Ranchi Meeting

A meeting of Swashasan Abhiyan was held on 25 and 26 July, 2016 at Samvad, Ranchi. In the meeting mainly three agenda were discussed: - 1. Fund Raising 2. Delhi Consultation 3. Any other matter.

With regard to Fund Raising for Swashasan Abhiyan, it was felt that the organization requires to have a Brochure for fund raising purposes.

For Delhi Consultation the subject of ‘Two Decades of PESA: A Ground Reality’ was unanimously finalized and the date of the programme was fixed on 28 and 29 November, 2016 at Gandhi Peace Foundation, Delhi. It was decided to invite 30 persons from Delhi, including the likeminded NGO, CBOs and Funding Agencies and five participants from each of the member state. It was also decided to invite likeminded people/groups from MP, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh. Names of possible invitees were also discussed and noted down.

Chilika Meeting

Meeting of Swashasan Abhiyan, India was organised on 29th & 30th September 2016 at Yatri Niwas, Satpada, Puri (Odisha).

In the meeting modalities of forming consortium with likeminded organizations was discussed and a list of the member organization was finalized. For smooth running of the consortium, need to develop a standard Operation Procedure (SOP) was felt and accepted. The thematic area of the Consortium was discussed and finalized as – Livelihood, Governance, and Gender (Cross cutting issues). To have better linkage among the member organization it was decided to get linked through e-mail, Whatsapp and Mobile message.

In the meeting agenda of forthcoming National Consultation on PESA was finalized and number of participants from each invited organization was also finalized. Apart from this, to resolve the Chilika issue an action plan was also discussed and finalized.

The Swashasan Abhiyan members met with the leaders of Fisherman community of Chilika area in the evening and heard their deliberations. This meeting was organized at Jatri Niwas, Satpada. Ghanshyamji facilitated the meeting. Pradeep Brahma shared about the Inception, goal and objective of Swasashan Abhiyan and Swasashan Foundation.

           The main problem of Fisherman community was explained by some leaders which is directly related to their livelihood due to ban on fishing and presence of Mafia. According to the prominent activist Uma Bhai, introduction of Gramatali system gave rights to the non- fishermen community on fishing, from where miseries of the community began. In the year 2000, the Chilika Development Authority (CDA) was formed, which had sparked a ray of hope for the Fisherman community but in reality it normally supports the so called Fish Mafias.

           The visiting team suggested that detailed study should be conducted on Chilika lake area based on governance system, self reliance system and eco system. Since the issue is not isolated to Chilika, its struggle should be made nationwide. It was also suggested to start a movement jointly for the overall development of Chilika lake and Fishermen community of the area.

 

Madhupur Meeting

A meeting of Swashasan Abhiyan was organized on 12 and 13 February, 2017 at Madhupur in the Samvad office campus. The meeting was chaired by Ghanshyam. Minutes of the previous meeting was confirmed with some corrections. Matter of Fishermen issue in Chilika lake area was discussed and it was suggested that since the issue has got value of a national level issue, it should be incorporated  in the agenda of Swashasan Abhiyan. The representatives were told that the workshop for youth of Chilika could not be arranged due to lack of fund. It will now be arranged in near future if the fund becomes available.

The merits and demerits of ‘Delhi Consultation’ was discussed in the meeting. The report of Delhi Consultation, which was circulated was appreciated by the members as it contained the proceedings of the meeting in detail. It was decided that the minutes should be circulated widely, and should also be translated into Hindi language. However, before circulation the report should be edited and some photographs should also be put in the report.

After this, future plans were discussed. Printing of Brochure of Swashasan Abhiyan was assigned to Samvad. In order to mobilize fund for Swashasan Abhiyan, it was decided to have a meeting to find out the ways and means.

It was decided to participate in the centenary celebration of Gandhi Ji’s ‘Satyagrah’ at Betiah in Champaran.

Madhupur Meeting (17-19 March 2017)

The meeting of Swshasan Abhiyan was organized at 52 Bigha, Madhupur

Participatory Review of Samvad

A Participatory Review of Gains, Strategic Strengths and Future Prospects of Samvad’s Initiatives for Self-governance and Sustainable Livelihoods in Jharkhand   was facilitated by Anindo Banerjee (Praxis- Institute for Participatory Practices) in April 2016 entitled ‘On a Trail of Indigenocracy’.

Key Findings of the Review

Samvad’s interventions have been directed at realization of self-rule of indigenous communities in Jharkhand, besides augmentation of food security by way of contributions to enhancement of irrigation potential, use of farm-friendly organic manure and promotion of traditional seeds in rain deficient pockets of Jharkhand. It has sought to empower women by facilitating micro-enterprises, involvement in public distribution system and greater participation in Gram Sabha meetings. In addition, it has made efforts to contribute to a number of socially and ecologically favorable transitions, e.g. promotion of solar lights, imparting vocation skills to young people and women and preservation of cultural heritage, among others. At the core of all the processes lies the aspiration of a stronger role and control of Gram Sabhas over natural resources and critical services, and several initiatives of Samvad have historically had a strong thrust on community processes, e.g. relating to community claims over forest resources, building of alliances for realization of the spirit of legislations like PESA and mustering resistance to moves of forcible acquisition of tribal land.

The overarching principles of Samvad’s initiatives include realization of self-rule(swashashan), self-reliance and mutual dependence (swawalamban and parasparaawalamban), swabhimaan (self-esteem), aajivika (livelihood), azaadi (freedom) and anand (happiness). The staffs of Samvad collectively harbour the dream of emergence of model villages in their areas of work, defined on several yardsticks of aspired transformations.

Publication

 Case Study

THE VILLAGE ROAD AND SHG

In village Dobrosai people were facing great difficulty during rainy season, as the village road used to filled with mud and water. Along with school going children and women everyone was troubled. The SHG of the village 'Janum Baha' started discussing about the problem in their meetings and finally it was decided one day to raise the matter in Gram Sabha meeting. Apart from this, the SHG members propagated consciousness among the villagers about the government facilities available for this kind of problems.

On May, 2016 the SHG members raised this issue in the Gram Sabha meeting. The issue was accepted by the Gram Sabha and a plan was made and got recommended by the Ward member and submitted to the Mukhiya of the Panchayat. But even after a month there was no response. In this situation the SHG members once again met the Mukhiya. After brief discussion the Mukhiya recommended a fund of Rs.1,70,000/- which was ultimately approved. The Gram Sabha gave the work of village road construction (Concrete road) to the SHG group. The SHG group completed the job in three weeks. The village road is made good and it is hoped that it would last for some times.

JUSTICE TO MOTHER THROUGH SHG

Babita Alda, daughter of Dobro Budiuli lived in village Dobrosai, under the Sadar  Chaibassa block. She got married with Paikara Alda of village Gadahatu on January 16, 2015. The marriage was solemnized with traditional social customs. In the beginning, Babita was overwhelmed with the love and affection she received at her husband's house.

But her happy days were soon over, when she told the husband about her pregnancy. He was a regular drinker of liquor, but after getting the happy news, he started consuming more liquor. Consequently, economic situation of the family gradually began to fall down and a stage came that valuable articles of the house had to be mortgaged for day to day sustenance.

In this situation Babita had to take charge  to manage the day to day affair of the family. While doing this responsibility, she neglected her health and began to be often sick. Hearing about her sickness, Babita's father took her to his home for proper care, till her delivery. During this period her husband neither visited her nor paid any money for her support. Even after delivery, when he was informed about their baby, he did not come to see his child.

During the time of despair and dejection, Babita's father passed away. She was now alone to take care of herself and her child. She was going through tough time, when she met members of the SHG called 'Jojo Umbul' (shadow of the Tamarind tree) and told them about her plight.

The SHG members immediately contacted Babita's husband and asked him to take Babita and their child back home. During counseling of the husband the villag 'Munda' (village head) was also present. The husband was cautioned to act as suggested, else he would be ex-communicated.

On 17 August 2016, the SHG group organized a joint meeting of both the villages in presence of both the village heads. After hearing the issue it was unanimously resolved that the husband Paikara Alda will take back Babita and their child to his home in Gadahatu. Along with this decision Paikara Alda was also fined to feed rice and chicken to the whole village.

Babita got justice through the SHG group 'Jojo Umbul'.

THE EFFECTIVE TRAINING

This is a story of Mrs. Sunita Banra w/o Mr. Bikram Banra of village Tuibir under Chaibasa Sadar block in West Singhbhum district. Mrs. Sunita once participated in the skill development training organized by Samvad with the support of IGSS. After the training she got influenced so much that she organized a women’s group with 16 members in her village. She was unanimously selected as Treasurer of the group and she is continuing in the same capacity.

Two years before she had started Goat rearing in a very small scale. But after having training and being motivated she restarted it more seriously. At present she has 18 goats in her herd and she earns minimum of Rs.20,000/- annually by selling of the goats. She says that there is not much hassle in goat rearing except giving medicine to the flock from time to time. The excreta of goat is a good manure for vegetable, she says. She has planted fruit trees on the boundary of her field which include Guava and Papaya trees. When asked, what she would like to do in future, she said ‘I would like to keep some Ducks, because you don’t have to do much, whereas a she Duck gives at least twenty to twenty five eggs. I can enhance my income by selling eggs or we can consume them in the family for nutritional purpose.’

BUIDH BARI SHOWED WAY TO FELLOW VILLAGERS

Buidh Bari lives in village Kuidbusu of Tuibir Panchayat under Sadar Chaibasa Block. There are six members in his family. His main occupation is cultivation. The Programme Coordinator used to encourage him to do vegetable farming because he used to cultivate Paddy crop only. But after getting encouragement he started cultivating various vegetables from October to June. At present there are Cauliflower, Cabbage, Spinach, Coriander and Chilli are planted in his field. He has two school going sons, who help him in cultivation work from time to time. He supports their studies from the income generated by sale of the vegetables. He has bought a Pump Set for irrigation of the vegetable field from the nearby water stream. He has his own traditional seeds of Sour Gourd and Ladyfinger but for other vegetables he depends on the market. Through sale of vegetables he earns about fifty to sixty thousand of rupees in eight months. Replicating Buidh Bari’s endeavour his fellow villagers have also started vegetable cultivation and having good income. Now the migration of villagers in search of livelihood has stopped. According to Buidh Bari if someone toils in his field, he would never opt for migration. Apart from this, the families are getting nutritional food as various vegetables have become part of their daily food.

 

ONCE A LABOUR, NOW EMPLOYER

Shanti Kui Deogam a member of the SHG ‘Jamun Ba Samiti’ is an illiterate woman. Now a days she has learnt to write her name after she got associated with the Samiti. She once attended Samvad’s women leadership training and was greatly benefited. Despite not having school education, now she goes to the Block office alone, meets the functionaries there and tell them her problems in agriculture. She doesn’t need anyone’s help in meeting the officers in the Block office. After the Paddy crop she has sown various pulses and Potato in her field. Once she was compelled to work as daily wage labour but today many labours work in her own field.

 

ALLEGATION, JUDGMENT AND TRUTH

Suhagini Murmu, a widow, lives in Suggapahari village of Jama block in Dumka district. Her husband Bhogta Murmu died some years ago leaving behind three daughters and one son. Some times ago, her paternal aunt Budin Soren sustained injury in the leg by a sharp piece of wood. However, she did not take much care of the wound and gradually it became very painful to her. About three months later, she had difficulty even in walking.

The aunt Budin, held Suhagini responsible for her distress and declared her a witch. She threatened Suhagini that she would complain about this to the local witch doctor or the Ojha.When the dispute became public, the traditional village head and others took this issue to the Ojha on August 21, 2016, to know whether Suhagini was indeed a witch or not? After performing some rituals the Ojha declared that though Suhagini was not a witch but she possessed a Bhoot (spirit), which is troubling her aunt Budin. After the Ojha's verdict, Suhagini was cautioned and fined Rs.5000/- by the villagers.

Suhagini was not having this much amount with her. So, she gave a Pig of about 55 Kilogram, to the villagers in lieu of cash amount, which she had reared and kept for selling purposes. But at the same time she informed the 'Samvad' Volunteer about the one sided judgment passed on her by the villagers.

The 'Samvad' Volunteer organized a meeting of the villagers, in which the traditional 'Moren Manjhi' (traditional court), the village head ('Manjhi Hadam') and the complainant was also invited. After deliberations in the meeting it became apparent that the complainant Budin Soren neither went to any doctor for treatment nor cared her wound, as she should have cared. And the small injury became such grievous and painful. Ultimately, it was resolved that Suhagini was erroneously fined by the 'Manjhi Hadam' and thus he was fined Rs.500/- for passing incorrect judgment and was asked to return Rs.5000/- to Suhagini. Budin Soren, the complainant was asked to apologize for her complain made with immoral intentions.

In this way, by the initiative of Panchayat Samiti and the 'Samvad' Volunteer, Suhagini was saved from the fabricated allegation made on her with malicious intentions.

 

LIFE SAVED BY SHG

Champa devi is a widow living in village Topatand, under Bindupur  panchayat in Madhupur block. It is said that misfortune never comes alone. Unfortunately, the same happened with Champa Devi when her 12 years only son died after brief illness of six months.  After death of her only son, she became too lonely. After some times, she became member of the SHG group 'Shankar', which is constituted by the initiative of Samvad.

One ChampaDevi fell ill seriously. The doctor told her about infection in her ovary and asked to get operated immediately.

Champa Devi became sad as she was not having money. But the women of her group consoled her and gave her Rs.15,000/- from the group fund. They also told her to refund the money according to her convenience.

After that Champa Devi got operated by Dr. Neha Priya of Deoghar on July 10, 2016. The operation was successful and Champa Devi is quite healthy today, engaged in her daily chores. This is an exemplary step taken by the SHG group.

 

GRAM SABHA PUTS A STOP ON BURGLARY

There were regular cases of burglary in the upgraded Middle School of Suggapahari Panchayat under Madhupur block. The burglary included of clock, utensils and grain etc. It was regularly being discussed in the school management committee meetings but the incidences of burglary did not stop. This came into knowledge of the Gram Sabha.

Thus, a meeting was called by the Gram Sabha  on August 24, 2016 to sort out this problem. In the meeting all the members of school management committee, all the teachers and persons involved in managing Mid Day Meal were essentially invited. After deliberations in the meeting it was resolved that if the incidence of burglary continues in future, the chair person, secretary and coordinator of the school management committee and all the members of the school management committee will be held responsible for it. Since that day not a single case of burglary has taken place in the school.

 

IRREGULAR PANCHAYAT SECRETARIAT BECAME REGULAR

The villagers of Chakkudhara village in Maheshpur block of Pakur district used to be much worried in solving their problem due to  irregular opening of the Panchayat Secretariat. The Mukhiya of the place Dilip Hembram  did not  pay attention to this problem. Even after repeated complaints, the Panchayat Secretariat did not open even on the Panchayat day.

At the initiative of 'SAMVAD' activist Baha Hembram, a meeting was held on February 8, 2017 on this subject  with the villagers in Pratapur  village.In the meeting along with Assistant Mukhiya Elizabeth Soren, 9 Meth, 7 ward members, and dozens of rural women and men were present.

While discussing the Panchayati Raj Act in this meeting, the representatives of the Panchayat were told to open the panchayat secretariat regularly  to solve the problems of the common villagers and it was resolved that all the needy villagers would go to Panchayat Secretariat next day.

Next day on February 9, 2017, the Panchayat secretariat was found to be closed like any other ordinary day.The villagers awaited there for some time and expressed their displeasure and went back to their homes with the decision that on the coming Panchayat day they would come again to the Panchayat Secretariat. As decided, the villagers went again to Panchayat Secretariat  on February 16, 2017.

The Panchayat secretariat was found closed once again.As the the villagers were engaged in expressing their annoyance on the situation, the Panchayat Secretary Jahiruddin went pass from there.

When people surrounded and detained him, he opened the panchayat secretariat and cleaned it himself.People presented their problems and discussed about their remedy.

The Panchayat Secretariat of the Chakkudharra Panchayat has started opening regularly since  23-2-2017.Now all the people's representatives and government employees including the Mukhiya have started coming to the Secretariat and are presenting problems of the villagers  to solve them, while the village people are also getting information about the development plans being implemented in the villages.

 

MAGIC OF COLLECTIVE EFFORT

In Podadiha village of  Angardiha Panchayat of Tantangar block under West Singhbhum District live 145 families there. The whole village drinks water from the 9 hand pumps, installed there.

A meeting was organized in  on 1st March 2017 by ‘SAMVAD’ on ‘Water Conservation and Management'.

In the meeting discussion was made among the village volunteer of Samvad and the villagers about the drinking water facilities available in the village and how the irrigation was being managed, The villagers told that irrigation was done by making kachha check dams made with mud in the river of the village and they depended on the hand pumps for drinking water, however, 3 hand pumps were not working.

On this, the villagers were motivated by the Samvad volunteer that when they could make arrangements for irrigation, horticulture etc with collective effort, then why couldn’t they make arrangement for drinking water themselves? The villagers agreed to the proposal and  a meeting was organized on 1st April, 2017 to discuss the matter.  In the meeting it was decided to solve the drinking water problem by repair of hand pumps with their own collective efforts. Simultaneously it was also decided to collect an amount of Rs.20/- from each family as contribution for this purpose. The Hand Pump parts were bought from the collected amount.

On 5th April, 2017, repairing of 3 hand pumps was done under the supervision of the villagers and the village volunteer of Samvad.

Out of these, one hand pump, which was repaired belonged to the school.  After its repair by the villagers drinking water became available to the children of the school and village. 45 families started getting benefit from the repair of other two hand pumps. The waste water is being used in the house building and kitchen gardens.

A ditch was dug near all Hand Pumps for quenching of thirst of  cattle of the village. With the completion of this work, lot of confidence has risen among the villagers that even without government assistance they can accomplish their small needs.

 

DOING IT TOGETHER

Village Bhadauli under Sisai block of Gumla district has got a small population of only 35 families.  All the families of the village depend on the only well for drinking water. This well does not dry up even during the summer season.

A meeting was organized by ‘Samvad’ on 17 March 2017 on “water conservation and management”. Water management and conservation issue were discussed in this meeting. The idea came from the people that there was a need of cleaning the well for safe drinking water. It was also thought that if government support was expected,  it would take long time.

To execute this planning another meeting was organized on 22nd April 2017.  In this meeting the villagers decided to clean the well through volunteer work and set the date of well cleaning on April 23, 2017. It was also resolved that every family would bring their own bucket and rope and the family who would not be able to join the volunteer work due to some unavoidable reasons, will have to pay Rs.100/- for a community feast.

All the young men and women of the village assembled near the well on the fixed date and cleaning of well was done with collective labor. Now the whole village is drinking water from the same well. In this way, the tendency of doing voluntary work increased even for other community based interests and a sense of ‘doing together’ regenerated among the villagers.

WOMEN LEADERSHIP

A meeting of Gram Sabha was called on January 18, 2017 in Manjhi Tola for the Dobha (small backyard pond) construction work. The ways and means of  Dobha construction was discussed in the meeting. After selection of the spot, the matter of selection of the ‘Meth’ (leader of labor force) cropped up. The women proposed that for construction work of Dobha, ‘Meth’ should be women. Men did not like this proposal. But due to the public support to the women, work of Dobha construction started on January 21, 2017 by consensus. 31 women and 7 men worked together continuously for 30 days in the Dobha construction and the Dobha construction got completed. The cattle are getting water and women got water to wash clothes and utensils near their homes.

 

GRAM SABHA AVAILED CSR

A meeting of Gram Sabha was organized on the issue of drinking water in village Banadag on  February 3, 2017.  In the meeting, 280 members of the Gram Sabha, including  ‘Jal Sahia’ (a women selected by the Gram Sabha and endorsed by Government to take care of water problem)  and Panchayat representatives  participated. Mr. Bhola Mahto, the village head proposed that as NTPC  Coal Siding was being operated in that area, they should take help of  NTPC to meet the issue of drinking water. After deliberation and discussion, it was unanimously decided that an application requesting arrangement of drinking water system by NTPC be submitted to the NTPC office. On the second day, after having discussed the matter with NTPC, the Gram Pradhan got approval for drinking water supply to the Gram Sabha Vannanchal Sahkari Sahyog 

Samitti , Banadag which is a Cooperative formed by the villagers . After getting approval, the work of water supply started from 1st March, 2017 on every morning and evening by 6 tankers. After that water crisis of the village was over.

        


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